Chemistry Syllabus  -   GBPUAT Entrance Exam

Chemistry Syllabus  -  GBPUAT Entrance Exam

Govind Ballabh Pant University Of Agriculture & Technology ( GBPUAT ) Entrance Examination Chemistry syllabus – 2015 :

 For Undergraduate:

Atoms and Atomic Structure

Measurements in Chemistry ( Significant figures, S.l. Units ), Mole concept, Nature of light and electromagnetic waves, atomic spectra, Bohr model, line spectra (a brief idea). In adequacy of Bohr’s Model, concept of an atomic orbital, quantum numbers and its application to electronic structures of atoms). Pauli’s exclusion principle. Aufbau principle, Stability of filled & half-filled orbital Configuration of transition elements in 3d series. Dual nature of particle and radiation (photoelectric effect etc.) de-Broglie equation, uncertainty principle (simple numerical problems), Hund’s rule.

Periodic Properties of Elements

Periodic law, long form of periodic table, Periodicity in properties like atomic radii and volume, ionic radii, ionization energy, electron affinity. Division of elements into s, p, d and f blocks.

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Concept of orbital overlap in bond formation, sigma and pi bonds shapes. of molecules (VSEPR) Theory, hybridization (sp, sp2, sp3, dsp2 sp3d, sp3d2), properties of covalent compounds, shapes of simple molecules like H2O, NH3 CH4 PF5 SF6 C2H4 and C2H2. Coordinate bond formation with a few examples, Ionic bonds; definition, factors influencing the formation of ionic compounds. An elementary treatment of metallic and hydrogen bonds. Idea of molecular orbital, bonding and anti boding, molecular orbital picture in hydrogen and oxygen molecules only.

Chemistry Of Representative Elements

The chemistry of s and p block elements with reference to general trends in physical and chemical properties, anomalous behavior of first member of each group, diagonal relationship.

Group 1 Elements: Alkali metals; Group 2 Elements: Alkali earth metals; Group 13 Elements: Boron family; Group 14 Elements: Carbon and silicon family; Group 15 Elements: Nitrogen family;

Group 16 Elements: Oxygen family; Group 17 Elements: Halogen family; hydrogen; Group 18 Elements: Noble gases;

Preparation and properties of a few important compounds of representative elements (like halides, oxides and oxy acids etc.)

Coordination Chemistry And Organometallics

Coordination Compounds nomenclature; Isomerism in Coordination compounds; Bonding in Coordination compounds; Valence Bond Theory Application of Coordination Compounds; Compounds containing metal carbon bonds; Application of organometallics.

Chemical Thermodynamics

Energy changes during a chemical reaction. First law of thermodynamics. Concepts of internal energy and enthalpy. Application of first law of thermodynamics. Hess’s law of constant heat summation, Heat of reaction, Heat of neutralization, heat of combustion, heat of fusion and vaporization. Numericals based on the above concepts.

Second law of Thermodynamics: Entropy, free energy, spontaneity of a chemical reaction, free energy and chemical equilibrium, free energy available for useful work. Third law of Thermodynamics (concept of zero entropy only).

Chemical Equilibrium & Phase Equilibrium

Law of mass action and its application to chemical equilibrium.

Effect of changing the conditions of system at equilibrium-Le-Chatelier’s principle.

Ionic Equilibrium In Solution

Equilibrium involving ions, various concepts of acids and bases-Arrhenius, Bronsted, Lowery and Lewis, dissociation of acids and bases, acid-base equilibria, ionization of water, pH scale, hydrolysis of slats, pH calculation of solutions, acid base titration using indicators. Solubility equilibria-solubility of sparingly soluble salts, solubility equilibria and solubility products, common ions effect, buffer solution and buffer action.

Redox Reactions

Oxidation and reduction-electron transfer concept, redox reactions in aqueous solution, oxidation number, balancing of chemical equations in redox reactions by oxidation number method and ion-electron method or half equation method.

Chemical Kinetics

Rate of reaction-symbolic expression, rate expression. Units of rates and specific rate constants. Order of reaction, molecularity. Determination of order of reaction and concentration (first order reactions only). Temperature dependence of rate constant. Activation energy, Photochemical reactions.

States Of Matter

Gaseous state: Properties of a gas, gas laws, kinetic molecular theory of gases, Solid state. Classification of solids, X-ray studies of crystal lattices & unit cell. Liquid slate, Properties of Liquids like vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.

Nuclear & Radiochemistry

Nature of radiation from radioactive substances; nuclear structure and nuclear properties, Nuclear reaction, radioactive disintegration series, artificial transmutation of elements. Isotopes and their uses. Radio carbon dating. Synthetic elements.

Solutions

Types of solutions, Vapour pressure of solutions and Raoults’ law. Colligative properties of solutions. Calculation of molecular masses. Electrolyte solutions, distribution law.

Colloids And Macromolecules

Colloidal solutions, electroinetic and optical of colloidal Solutions, properties, applications, concept of gold number, protective colloids, Macromolecules, molecular weight of macromolecules, methods of determining molecular weight of macromolecules.

Surface And Catalysis

Absorption and adsorption, emulsions, micelles, modern developments, Interfaces, Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, structure of a catalyst.

Carbon And Its Compounds Introduction To Carbon Compounds

Elemental Carbon. Inorganic compounds of carbon (oxides and carbides)

Hydrocarbons

Alkanes: sp3-hybridization, sigma bond, chain isomerism; Alkanes sp2 hybridization, carbon-carbon double bond, sigma and bi-bonds. Planer molecular of ethylene cis-trans isomerism; Alkanes: sp-hybridization C (C, linear molecule of acetylene); Arenes: Delocalisation of electronics in benzene, Resonance structure of benzene: o.m.p. –isomers ; Systematic nomenclature of organic compounds.

Preparation And Properties Of Hydrocarbons

Source of hydrocarbons (composition of coal and petroleum, hydrocarbons from coal and petroleum, cracking and reforming, quality of gasoline-octane number, gasoline additives).

Laboratory preparation of alkanes (preparation from unsaturated hydrocarbons, alkyl halides and carboxylic acids) ; Laboratory preparation of alkynes (Preparation from alcohol and alkyl halides); Laboratory preparation of alkynes (Preparation from calcium carbide and acetylene) ; Physical properties of alkanes (boiling and melting points, solubility and density)

Reactions of hydrocarbons, (oxidation, additions, substitutions and miscellaneous reactions).

Purification And Characterization Of Organic Compounds

Purification (crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography), Qualitative analysis of elements. Quantitative analysis (estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogen). Determination of molecular mass (Victor Mayer’s Method). Calculation of empirical and molecular formulae from weight percentage data of elements and molecular weight.

Organic Chemistry Based On Functional Groups

Halides And Hydroxy Compounds

Nomenclature of compounds containing halogen atoms and hydroxyl group; haloarens, alcohols and phenols, correlation of physical properties and uses. A few important polyhatogen compounds-chloroforms, carbon tetrachloride, DDT, benzene hexachloride. Polyhydric compounds, ethane 1.2-diol. Propane 1,2,3, triol.

Organic Chemistry Based On Functional Groups-I

Ethers, aldehdes ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives. Nomenclature of ethers, aldehydes ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivative. Acylhalides, acid anhydride, amides and esters, methods of preparation, correlation of physical properties with their structures, chemical properties & uses.

Organic Chemistry Based On Function Groups-Ii

Nitrogen compounds. A brief description of the chemistry of the carbon compounds containing nitrogen (cyanides, isocyanides, nitro-compounds and amines) and their methods of preparation; correlation of physical properties with structure, chemical reaction, uses.

Synthetic And Natural Polymers

Classification of polymers, some important natural and synthetic polymers (with stress on their general methods of preparation); some common examples and their important uses.

Bio Chemistry: (Structures of complicated molecules excluded)

Carbohydrates: Monsaccharides, Disaccharides, Polysaccharides.

Amino Acids And Peptides: Structure and classification, properties of amino acids and peptides, biologically important peptides.

Proteins And Enzymes: Structure of proteins, some important proteins, enzymes.

Nucleic Acids: Chemical properties of nucleic acids, Biological functions of nucleic acids, protein synthesis.

Lipids: Classification, structure and function.

For More Details refer the official Website.

http://www.gbpuat.ac.in/admiss/Prospectus_2015-16.pdf


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