UPSC IFS Civil Engineering Syllabus
Paper - I
Units and Dimensions, SI Units, Vectors, Concept of Force, Concept of particle and rigid body. Concurrent, Non-Concurrent and parallel forces in a plane, moment of force and Varignon’s theorem, free body diagram, conditions of equilibrium, Principle of virtual work, equivalent force system. First and Second Moment of area, Mass moment of Inertia. Static Friction, Inclined Plane and bearings. Kinematics and Kinetics. Kinematics in Cartesian and Polar Coordinates, motion under uniform and nonuniform acceleration,motion under gravity. Kinetics of particle: Momentum and Energy principles, D’Alembert’s Principle,Collision of elastic bodies, rotation of rigid bodies, simple harmonic motion, Flywheel.
Strength of Materials:
Simple Stress and Strain, Elastic constants, axially loaded compression members, Shear force and bending moment, theory of simple bending, Shear Stress distribution across cross sections, Beams of uniform strength, Leaf Spring. Strain Energy in direct stress, bending & shear.
Deflection of beams: Mecaulay’s method, Mohr’s Moment area method, Conjugate beam method, unit load method, Torsion of Shafts, Transmission of power, close coiled helical springs, Elastic stability of columns, Euler’s Rankine’s and Secant formulae. Principal Stresses and Strains in two dimensions, Mohr’s Circle, Theories of Elastic Failure, Thin and Thick cylinder; Stresses due to internal and external pressure- Lame’s equations.
Castiglianio’s theroems I and II, Unit load method of consistent deformation applied to beams and pin jointed trusses. Slopedeflection, moment distribution, Kani’s method of analysis and column Analogy method applied to indeterminate beams and rigid frames. Rolling loads and influences lines: Influences lines for Shear Force and Bending moment at a section of beam. Criteria for maximum shear force and bending Moment in beams traversed by a system of moving loads. Influences lines for simply supported plane pin jointed trusses.
Arches: Three hinged, two hinged and fixed arches, rib shortening and temperature effects, influence lines in arches.
Matrix methods of analysis: Force method and displacement method of analysis of indeterminate beams and rigid frames.
Plastic Analysis of beams and frames: Theory of plastic bending, plastic analysis, statical method, Mechanism method.
Unsymmetrical bending: Moment of inertia, product of inertia, position of Neutral Axis and Principle axes, calculation of bending stresses.
Structural Steel Design:
Structural Steel: Factors of safety and load factors, Rivetted, bolted and welded joints and connections. Design of tension and compression member, beams of built up section, rivetted and welded plate girders, gantry girders, stancheons with battens and lacings, slab and gussetted column bases. Design of highway and railway bridges: Through and deck type plate girder, Warren girder, Pratt truss.
Design of Concrete and Masonry Structures:
Concept of mix design, Reinforces Concrete: Working Stress and Limit State method of design- recommendations of I.S. codes, design of one way and two way slabs, stair-case slabs, simple and continuous beams of rectangular, T and L sections. Compression members under direct load with or without eccentricity, Isolated and combined footings.
Cantilever and counterfort type retaining walls. Water tanks: Design requirements for rectangular and circular tanks resting on ground. Prestressed concrete: Methods and systems of prestressing, anchorages, analysis and disign of sections for flexure based on working stress, loss of prestress.Design of brick masonry as per I.S. Codes Design of masonry retaining walls.
Fluid Mechanics, Open Channel Flow and Hydraulic Machines:
Fluid properties and their role in fluid motion, fluid statics including forces acting on plane and curve surfaces. Kinematics and Dynamics of Fluid flow: Velocity and accelerations, stream lines, equation of continuity, irrotational and rotational flow, velocity potential and stream functions, flownet, methods of drawing flownet, sources and sinks, flow separation, free and forced vortices.Control volume equation, continuity, momentum, energy and moment of momentum equations from control volume equation, Navier-Strokes equation, Euler’s equation of motion, application to fluid flow problems, pipe flow, plane, curved, stationary and moving vanes, sluice gates, weirs, orifice meters and Venturi meters.
Dimensional Analysis and Similitude:
Buckingham’s Pi-theorem, dimensionless parameters, similitude theory, model laws, undistorted and distorted models. Laminar Flow: Laminar flow between parallel, stationary and moving plates, flow through tube.
Laminar and turbulent boundary layer on a flat plate, laminar sublayer, smooth and rough boundaries, drag and lift.
Turbulent flow through pipes:
Characteristics of turbulent flow, velocity distribution and variation of pipe friction factor, hydraulic grade line and total energy line, siphons, expansion and contractions in pipes, pipe networks, water hammer in pipes and surge tanks.
Open Channel Flow:
Uniform and nonuniform flows, momentum and energy correction factors. Specific energy and specific force, critical depth, resistance equations and variation of roughness coefficient, rapidly varied flow, flow in contractions, flow at sudden drop, hydraulic jump and its applications surges and waves, gradually varied flow, classification of surface profiles, control section, step method of integration of varied flow equation, moving surges and hydraulic bore.
Hydraulic Machines and Hydropower:
Types, characteristics, Net positive Suction Height (NPSH), specific speed, Pumps in parallel. Reciprocating pumps, Air vessels, Hydraulic ram, efficiency parameters, Rotary and positive displacement pumps, diaphragm and jet pumps. Hydraulic turbines, types classification, Choice of turbines, performance parameters, controls, characteristics, specific speed. Principles of hydropower development. Type, layouts and Component works, surge tanks, types and choice. Flow duration curves and dependable flow. Storage an pondage, Pumped storage plants. Special features of mini, micro-hydel plants.
Geo Technical Engineering:
Types of soil, phase relationships, consistency limits particles size distribution, classifications of soil, structure and clay mineralogy. Capillary water and structural water, effectives trees and pore water pressure, Darcy’s Law, factors affecting permeability, determination of permeability, permeability of stratified soil deposits. Seepage pressure, quick sand condition, compressibility and consolidation, Terzaghi’s theory of one dimensional consolidation, consolidation test. Compaction of soil, field control of compaction. Total stress and effective stress parameters, pore pressure coefficients. Shear strength of soils, Mohr Coulomb failure theory, Shear tests.
Earth pressure at rest, active and passive pressure, Rankin’s theory, Coulomb’s wedge theory, earth pressure on retaining wall, sheetpile walls, Braced excavation. Bearing capacity, Terzaghi and other important theories, net and gross bearing pressure. Immediate and consolidation settlement. Stability of slope, Total Stress and Effective Stress methods, Conventional methods of slices, stability number. Subsurface exploration, methods of boring, sampling, penetration tests, pressure meter tests. Essential features of foundation, types of foundation, design criteria, choice of type of foundation, stress distribution in soils, Boussinessq’s theory, Newmarks’ chart, pressure bulb, contact pressure, applicability of different bearing capacity theories, evaluation of bearing capacity from field tests, allowable bearing capacity, Settlement analysis, allowable settlement. Proportioning of footing, isolated and combined footings, rafts, buoyancy rafts, Pile foundation, types of piles, piles capacity, static and dynamic analysis, design of pile groups, pile load test, settlement of piles, lateral capacity. Foundation for Bridges. Ground improvement techniques-preloading, sand drains, stone column, grouting, soil stabilisation.
Paper - II
Construction Technology, Equipment, Planning and Management:
1. Construction Technology:
Engineering Materials: Physical properties of construction materials: Stones, Bricks and Tiles; Lime, Cement and Surkhi Mortars; Lime concrete and Cement concrete, Properties of freshly mixed and hardened concrete, flooring Tiles, use of ferro-cement, fibre-reinforced and polymer concrete, high strength concrete and light weight concrete. Timber: Properties and uses; defects in timber; seasoning and preservation of timber, Plastics, rubber and damp-proofing materials, termite proofing, Materials for Low cost housing.
Building components and their functions; Brick masonry: Bonds, jointing, Stone masonry, Design of Brick masonry walls as per I.S. codes, factors of safety, serviceability and strength requirements; plastering, pointing. Types of Floors & Roofs, Ventilators, Repairs in buildings. Functional planning of building: Building orientation, circulation, grouping of areas, privacy concept and design of energy efficient building; provisions of National Building Code.
Building estimates and specifications; Cost of works; valuation.
2. Construction Equipment:
Standard and special types of equipment, Preventive maintenance and repair, factors affecting the selection of equipment, economical life, time and motion study, capital and maintenance cost.
Concreting equipments: Weigh batcher, mixer, vibration, batching plant, Concrete pump.Earth-work equipment : Power shovelhoe, bulldozer, dumper, trailors, and tractors, rollers, sheep foot roller.
3. Construction Planning and Management:
Construction activity, schedules, job layout, bar charts, organization of contracting firms, project control and supervision. Cost reduction measures.
New-work analysis: CPM and PERT analysis, Float times, cashing of activities, contraction of network for cost optimization, up dating, cost analysis and resource allocation.
Elements of Engineering Economics, methods of appraisal, present worth, annual cost, benefit-cost, incremental analysis. Economy of scale and size. Choosing between alternatives including levels of investments. Project profitability.
Survey and Transportation Engineering:
Common methods of distance and angle measurements, plane table survey, levelling traverse survey, triangulation survey, corrections, and adjustments, contouring, topographical map. Surveying instruments for above purposes Techeometry. Circular and transition curves, Principles of photogrammetry.
Permanent way, sleepers, rail fastenings, ballast, points and crossings, design of turn outs, stations and yards, turn-tables, signals, and interlocking, levelcrossing.Construction and maintenance of permanent ways: Superelevlation, creep of rail, ruling gradient, track resistance, tractive effort, relaying of track.
Principles of highway planning, Highway alignments, Geometrical design: Cross section, camber, superelevation, horizontal and vertical curves. Classification of roads: low cost roads, flexible pavements, rigid pavements. Design of payments and their construction, evaluation of pavement failure and strengthening. Drainage of roads: Surface and subsurface drainage.
Traffic Engineering: Forecasting techniques, origin and destination survey, highway capacity, Channelised and unchannelised intersections, rotary design elements, markings, sign, signals, street lighting; Traffic surveys, Principle of highway financing.
Hydrology, Water Resources and Engineering:
Hydrological cycle, precipitation, evaporation, transpiration, depression storage, infiltration, overland flow, hydrograph, flood frequency analysis, flood estimation, flood routing through a reservoir, channel flow routing-Muskingam method.
Ground water flow:
Specific yield, storage coefficient of permeability, confined and unconfined aquifers,aquifers, aquitards, radial flow into a well under confined and unconfined conditions, tube wells, pumping and recuperation tests, ground water potential.
Water Resources Engineering:
Ground and surface water resource, single and multipurpose projects, storage capacity of reservoirs,reservoir losses, reservoir sedimentation, economics of water resources projects.
Water requirements of crops: consumptive use, quality of water for irrigation duty and delta, irrigation methods and their efficiencies.
Distribution systems for canal irrigation, canal capacity, canal losses, alignment of main and distributory canals, most efficient section, lined canals, their design, regime theory, critical shear stress, bed load, local and suspended load transport, cost analysis of lined and unlied canals, drain-age behind lining. Water logging: causes and control, drainage system design, salinity.Canal structures: Design of cross regulators, head regulators, canal falls, aqueducts, metering flumes and canal outlets.
Diversion head work:
Principles and design of weirs of permeable and impermeable foundation, Khosla’s theory, energy dissipation, stilling basin, sediment excluders. Storage Works: Types of dams, design, principles of rigid gravity and earth dams, stability analysis, foundation treatment, joints and galleries, control of seepage.
Spillway types, crest gates, energy dissipation.
Objectives of river training, methods of river training.
Estimation of surface and subsurface water resources, predicting demand for water, impurities of water and their significance, physical, chemical and bacteriological analysis, waterborne diseases, standards for potable water.
Intake of water:
Pumping and gravity schemes. Water treatment: Princi-ples of coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation; slow-, rapid-, pressure-, filters; chlorination, softening, removal of taste, odour and salinity.
Water storage and distribution:
Storage and balancing reservoirs: types, location and capacity. Distribution system: layout, hydraulics of pipe lines, pipe fittings, valves including check and pressure reducing valves, meters, analysis of distribution systems, leak detection, maintenance of distribution systems, pumping stations and their operations.
Domestic and industrial wastes, storm sewage-separate and combined systems, flow through sewers, design of sewers, sewer appurtenances, manholes, inlets, junctions, siphon, Plumbing in Public buildings.
BOD, COD, solids, dissolved oxygen, nitrogen and TOC. Standards of disposal in normal water course and on land.
Working principles, units, chambers, sedimentation tanks, trickling filters, oxidation ponds, activated sludge process, septic tank; disposal of sludge, recycling of waste water.
Collection and disposal in rural and urban contexts, management of long-term ill-effects.
Sustainable development. Radioactive wastes and disposal, Environmental impact assessment for thermal power plants, mines, river valley projects, Air pollution, Pollution control acts.
UPSC IFS Geology Syllabus Paper - I Section-A i General Geology nbsp The Solar System meteorities origin and interior of the earth Radioactivity and age of earth Volcanoes-causes and products volcanic belts Earthquakes-causes effects earthquake belts seismicity of India intensityMore Details >>
UPSC IFS exam Important Dates Date of Notification nd February Last Date to Apply th March Last Date to Pay Application Fee th March Date of Exam Prelims th June IFS Main Exam rd DecemberMore Details >>
How to Apply nbsp UPSC IFS Recruitment Go to the online portal ldquo www upsconline nic in rdquo Click on the Online link for various examination link Look for the Indian Forest Service examination and Click on the Part IMore Details >>
IFS Exam Fee Candidates applying excepting Female SC ST PH candidates who are exempted from payment of fee for Civil Services Preliminary Examination are required to pay a fee of Rs - Applicants can pay examination fee either by depositingMore Details >>
Name of Commission Union Public Service Commission Job Type Central Government Job Name of the Post Indian Forest Service Mode of Application Online Official page nbsp www upsc gov in Total No of Posts nbspMore Details >>
Selection Procedure The competitive examination comprises two successive stages I Civil Services Preliminary Examination Objective Type for the screening amp selection of candidates for Indian Forest Service Main Examination and II Indian Forest Service Main Examination Written and Interview forMore Details >>
Eligibility Criteria Nationality Nationality of a candidate must be either of the following Citizen of India Subject of Nepal Subject of Bhutan a Tibetan refugee who came to India before January for permanent settlement in India Migrant from any ofMore Details >>
IFS Exam Centers Agartala Gaya Navi Mumbai Agra Ghaziabad Panaji Goa Ajmer Gorakhpur Patna Ahmedabad Gurgaon Port Blair Aizwal Gwalior Puducherry Aligarh Hyderabad Pune Allahabad Imphal Raipur Ananthapuru Indore Rajkot Aurangabad Itanagar Ranchi Bengaluru Jabalpur Sambalpur Barielly Jaipur Shillong BhopalMore Details >>
IFS Entrance Exam consists of two papers as follows Civil Services Prelims Examination Indian Forest Services Mains Examination Pattern for IFS Preliminary Exam pattern Preliminary exam will have two papers which contains marks for each All questions are of objectiveMore Details >>
Part A - IFS Preliminary Examination Syllabus Paper- I General Knowledge Current Event of National and International importance History of India and Indian National Movement Indian and world Geography Indian polity and nbsp Governance Economic and social Development General ScienceMore Details >>
Main Exam Syllabus General Knowledge Current Event of National and International importance History of India and Indian National Movement Indian and world Geography Indian polity and nbsp Governance Economic and social Development General Science General Issues on Environmental Ecology Bio-DiversityMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Agriculture Syllabus Paper - I Ecology and its relevance to man natural resources their sustainable management and conservation Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production Climatic elements as factors of crop growth impact ofMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Agricultural Engineering Syllabus Paper - I Section A Soil and Water Conservation nbsp Scope of soil and water conservation Mechanics and types of erosion their causes Rainfall runoff and sedimentation relationships and their measurement Soil erosion control measuresMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Animal Husbandry amp Veterinary Science Syllabus Paper ndash I Animal Nutrition Energy sources energy metabolism and requirements for maintenance and production of milk meat eggs and wool Evaluation of feeds as sources of energy Trends in protein nutritonMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Botany Syllabus Paper - I Microbiology and Plant Pathology Viruses bacteria and plasmids-structure and reproduction General account of infection Phytoimmunology Applications of microbiology in agriculture industry medicine and pollution control in air soil and water nbsp Important plantMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Chemical Engineering Syllabus Paper ndash I Section A a nbsp Fluid and Particle Dynamics Viscosity of fluids Laminar and turbulent flows Equation of continuity and Navier-Stokes equition-Bernoulli theorem Flow meters Fluid drag and pressure drop due to frictionMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Chemistry Syllabus Paper ndash I Atomic structure Quantum theory Heisenberg uncertainity principle Schrodinger wave equation time independent Interpretation of wave function particle in one-dimensional box quantum numbers hydrogen atom wave functions Shapes of s p and d orbitalsMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Forestry Syllabus Paper - I Section-A Silviculture General General Silvicultural Principles nbsp Ecological and physiological factors influencing vegetation natural and artificial regeneration of forests methods of propagation grafting techniques site factors nursery and planting techniques nursery beds poly-bagsMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Mathematics Syllabus Paper - I Section-A Linear Algebra nbsp Vector space linear dependence and independence subspaces bases dimensions Finite dimensional vector spaces Matrices Cayley-Hamilition theorem eigen-values and eigenvectors matrix of linear transformation row and column reduction Echelon formMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Mechanical Engineering Syllabus Paper - I Theory of Machines nbsp Kinematic and dynamic analysis of planar mechanisms Cams Gears and gear trains Flywheels Governors Balancing of rigid rotors Balancing of single and multicylinder engines Linear vibration analysis ofMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Physics Syllabus Paper - I Section-A Classical Mechanics a Particle dynamics nbsp Centre of mass and laboratory coordinates Conservation of linear and angular momentum The rocket equation Rutherford scattering Galilean transformation Inertial and non-inertial frames Rotating frames CentrifugalMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Statistics Syllabus Paper - I Probability nbsp Sample space and events probability measure and probability space random variable as a measurable function distribution function of a random variable discrete and continuous-type random variable probability mass function probability densityMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Zoology Syllabus Paper - I Section-A Non-chordata and chordata nbsp a Classification and relationship of various phyla up- to sub-classes Acoelomata and Coelomata Protostomes and Deuterostomes Bilateralia and Radiata Status of Protista Parazoa Onychophora and Hemichordata Symmetry bMore Details >>