UPSC IFS Geology Syllabus
Paper - I
(i) General Geology:
The Solar System, meteorities, origin and interior of the earth. Radioactivity and age of earth; Volcanoes-causes and products, volcanic belts.Earthquakes-causes, effects, earthquake belts, seismicity of India, intensity and magnitude,seismongraphs. Island arcs, deep sea trenches and mid-ocean ridges. Continental drift-evidences and mechanics; sea-floor spreading, plate tectonics. Isostasy, orogeny and epeirogeny. Continents and oceans.
(ii) Geomorphology and Remote Sensing:
Basic concepts of geomorphology.Weathering and mass wasting. Landforms, slopes and drainage. Geomorphic cycles and their interpretation, Morphology and its relation to structures and lithology. Applications of geomorphology in mineral prospecting, civil engineering, hydrology and environmental studies. Geomorphology of Indian sub- continent. Aerial photographs and their interpretationmerits and limitations.The Electromagnetic Spectrum. Orbiting satellites and sensor systems.Indian Remote Sensing Satellites. Satellites data products. Applications of remote sensing in geology.The Geographic Information System and its applications. Global Positioning System.
(iii) Structural Geology:
Principles of geologic mapping and map reading, projection diagrams, stress and strain ellipsoid and stress-strain relationships of elastic, plastic and viscous materials. Strain markers in deformed rocks. Behaviour of minerals and rocks under deformation conditions. Folds and faults classification and mechanics.Structural analysis of folds, foliations, lineations, joints and faults, unconformities. Superposed deformation. Time – relationship between crystallization and deformation. Introduction to petrofabrics.
Species definition and nomenclature.Megafossils and Microfossils. Modes of preservation of fossils. Different kinds of micro fossils. Application of microfossils in correlation, petroleum exploration, paleo-climatic and pale oceanographic studies, Morphology, geological history and evolutionary trend in Cephalopoda, Trilobita, Brachiopoda, Echi- noidea and Anthozoa, Stratigraphic utility of Ammonoidea, Trilobita and Graptoloidea, Evolutionary trend in Hominidae, Equidae and Probo-scidae. Siwalik fauna, Gondwana flora and its importance.
(v) Stratigraphy and Geology of India:
Classification of stratigraphic sequences: lithostratigraphic, biostratigraphic, chronostratigraphic and magnetostratigraphic and their interrelationships. Distribution and classification of Precambrian rocks of India. Study of stratigraphic distribution and lithology of Phanerozoic rocks of India with reference to fauna, flora and economic importance. Major boundary problems -Cambrian/Precambrian, Permian/ Triassic, Cretaceous/Tertiary and Pliocene/ Pleistocene. Study of climatic conditions, paleogeography and igneous activity in the Indian subcontinent in the geological past. Tectonic framework of India. Evolution of the Himalayas.
(vi) Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology:
Hydrologic cycle and genetic classification of water. Movement of subsurface water, Springs. Porosity, permeability, hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity and storage coefficient, classification of aquifers.Water-bearingcharacteristics of rocks. Ground-water chemistry. Salt water intrusion.Types of wells.Drainage basin morphometry. Exploration for groundwater. Groundwater recharge. Problems and management of groundwater, Rainwater harvesting. Engineering properties of rocks. Geological investigations for dams, tunnels and bridges. Rock as construction material. Alkali-aggregate reaction. Landslides causes, prevention and rehabilitation. Earthquake-resistant structures.
Paper - II
Classification of crystals into systems and classes of symmetry. International system of crystallographic notation. Use of projection diagrams to represent crystal symmetry. Crystal defects. Elements of xray crystallography. Petrological microscope and accessories. Optical properties of common rock forming minerals. Pleochroism, extinction angle, double refraction, birefringence, twinning and dispersion in minerals. Physical and chemical characters of rock forming silicate mineral groups. Structural classification of silicates. Common minerals of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Minerals of the caronate, phosphate, sulphide and halide groups.
(ii) Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology:
Generation and crystallisation of magma. Crystallisation of albite-anorthite, diopside- anorthite and diopsidewollastonite- silica systems. Reaction principle. Magmatic differentiation and assimilation. Petrogenetic significance of the textures and structures of igneous rocks. Petrography and petrogenesis of granite, syenite, diorite, basic and ultrabasic groups, charnockite, anorthosite and alkaline rocks. Carbonatites. Deccan volcanic province. Types and agents of metamorphism. Metamorphic grades and zones. Phase rule. Facies of regional and contact metamorphism. ACF and AKF diagrams.Textures and structures of metamorphic rocks. Metamorphism of arenaceous, argillaceous and basic rocks. Minerals assemblages, Retrograde metamorphism. Metasomatism and granitisation, migmatities, granulite terrains of India.
(iii) Sedimentology: Sedimentary rocks:
Processes of formation, diagenesis and lithification, Properties of sediments. Clastic and non clastic rocks-their classification, petrography and depositional environment, Sedimentary facies and provenance. Sedimentary structures and their significance. Heavy minerals and their significance. Sedimentary basins of India.
(iv) Economic Geology:
Ore, ore minerals and gangue, tenor of ore, classification of ore deposits. Process of formation of minerals deposits. Controls of ore locallisation. Ore textures and structures, Metallogenic epochs and provinces, Geology of the important Indian deposits of aluminium, chromium, copper, gold, iron, lead, zinc, manganese, titanium, uranium and thorium and industrial minerals. Deposits of coal and petroleum in India. National Mineral Policy. Conservation and utilization of mineral resources. Marine mineral resources and Law of Sea.
(v) Mining Geology:
Methods of prospecting-geological, geophysical, geo-chemical and geo-botanical, Techniques of sampling. Estimation of reserves of ore, Methods of exploration and mining metalic ores, industrial minerals and marine mineral resources. Mineral beneficiation and ore dressing.
(vi) Geochemistry and Environmental Geology:
Cosmic abundance of elements, Composition of the planets and meteorites, Structure and composition of earth and distribution of elements, Trace elements, Elements of crystal chemistry – types of chemical bonds, coordination number, Isomorphism and polymorphism, Elementary thermodynamics. Natural hazards-floods, landslides, coastal erosion, earthquakes and volcanic activity and mitigation, Environmental impact of urbanization, open cast mining, industrial and radioactive waste disposal, use of fertilizers, dumping of mine waste and fly-ash. Pollution of ground and surface water, marine pollution,environment protection-legislative measures in India.
UPSC IFS exam Important Dates Date of Notification nd February Last Date to Apply th March Last Date to Pay Application Fee th March Date of Exam Prelims th June IFS Main Exam rd DecemberMore Details >>
How to Apply nbsp UPSC IFS Recruitment Go to the online portal ldquo www upsconline nic in rdquo Click on the Online link for various examination link Look for the Indian Forest Service examination and Click on the Part IMore Details >>
IFS Exam Fee Candidates applying excepting Female SC ST PH candidates who are exempted from payment of fee for Civil Services Preliminary Examination are required to pay a fee of Rs - Applicants can pay examination fee either by depositingMore Details >>
Name of Commission Union Public Service Commission Job Type Central Government Job Name of the Post Indian Forest Service Mode of Application Online Official page nbsp www upsc gov in Total No of Posts nbspMore Details >>
Selection Procedure The competitive examination comprises two successive stages I Civil Services Preliminary Examination Objective Type for the screening amp selection of candidates for Indian Forest Service Main Examination and II Indian Forest Service Main Examination Written and Interview forMore Details >>
Eligibility Criteria Nationality Nationality of a candidate must be either of the following Citizen of India Subject of Nepal Subject of Bhutan a Tibetan refugee who came to India before January for permanent settlement in India Migrant from any ofMore Details >>
IFS Exam Centers Agartala Gaya Navi Mumbai Agra Ghaziabad Panaji Goa Ajmer Gorakhpur Patna Ahmedabad Gurgaon Port Blair Aizwal Gwalior Puducherry Aligarh Hyderabad Pune Allahabad Imphal Raipur Ananthapuru Indore Rajkot Aurangabad Itanagar Ranchi Bengaluru Jabalpur Sambalpur Barielly Jaipur Shillong BhopalMore Details >>
IFS Entrance Exam consists of two papers as follows Civil Services Prelims Examination Indian Forest Services Mains Examination Pattern for IFS Preliminary Exam pattern Preliminary exam will have two papers which contains marks for each All questions are of objectiveMore Details >>
Part A - IFS Preliminary Examination Syllabus Paper- I General Knowledge Current Event of National and International importance History of India and Indian National Movement Indian and world Geography Indian polity and nbsp Governance Economic and social Development General ScienceMore Details >>
Main Exam Syllabus General Knowledge Current Event of National and International importance History of India and Indian National Movement Indian and world Geography Indian polity and nbsp Governance Economic and social Development General Science General Issues on Environmental Ecology Bio-DiversityMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Agriculture Syllabus Paper - I Ecology and its relevance to man natural resources their sustainable management and conservation Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production Climatic elements as factors of crop growth impact ofMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Agricultural Engineering Syllabus Paper - I Section A Soil and Water Conservation nbsp Scope of soil and water conservation Mechanics and types of erosion their causes Rainfall runoff and sedimentation relationships and their measurement Soil erosion control measuresMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Animal Husbandry amp Veterinary Science Syllabus Paper ndash I Animal Nutrition Energy sources energy metabolism and requirements for maintenance and production of milk meat eggs and wool Evaluation of feeds as sources of energy Trends in protein nutritonMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Botany Syllabus Paper - I Microbiology and Plant Pathology Viruses bacteria and plasmids-structure and reproduction General account of infection Phytoimmunology Applications of microbiology in agriculture industry medicine and pollution control in air soil and water nbsp Important plantMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Chemical Engineering Syllabus Paper ndash I Section A a nbsp Fluid and Particle Dynamics Viscosity of fluids Laminar and turbulent flows Equation of continuity and Navier-Stokes equition-Bernoulli theorem Flow meters Fluid drag and pressure drop due to frictionMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Chemistry Syllabus Paper ndash I Atomic structure Quantum theory Heisenberg uncertainity principle Schrodinger wave equation time independent Interpretation of wave function particle in one-dimensional box quantum numbers hydrogen atom wave functions Shapes of s p and d orbitalsMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Civil Engineering Syllabus Paper - I Part-A Engineering Mechanics Units and Dimensions SI Units Vectors Concept of Force Concept of particle and rigid body Concurrent Non-Concurrent and parallel forces in a plane moment of force and Varignon rsquoMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Forestry Syllabus Paper - I Section-A Silviculture General General Silvicultural Principles nbsp Ecological and physiological factors influencing vegetation natural and artificial regeneration of forests methods of propagation grafting techniques site factors nursery and planting techniques nursery beds poly-bagsMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Mathematics Syllabus Paper - I Section-A Linear Algebra nbsp Vector space linear dependence and independence subspaces bases dimensions Finite dimensional vector spaces Matrices Cayley-Hamilition theorem eigen-values and eigenvectors matrix of linear transformation row and column reduction Echelon formMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Mechanical Engineering Syllabus Paper - I Theory of Machines nbsp Kinematic and dynamic analysis of planar mechanisms Cams Gears and gear trains Flywheels Governors Balancing of rigid rotors Balancing of single and multicylinder engines Linear vibration analysis ofMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Physics Syllabus Paper - I Section-A Classical Mechanics a Particle dynamics nbsp Centre of mass and laboratory coordinates Conservation of linear and angular momentum The rocket equation Rutherford scattering Galilean transformation Inertial and non-inertial frames Rotating frames CentrifugalMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Statistics Syllabus Paper - I Probability nbsp Sample space and events probability measure and probability space random variable as a measurable function distribution function of a random variable discrete and continuous-type random variable probability mass function probability densityMore Details >>
UPSC IFS Zoology Syllabus Paper - I Section-A Non-chordata and chordata nbsp a Classification and relationship of various phyla up- to sub-classes Acoelomata and Coelomata Protostomes and Deuterostomes Bilateralia and Radiata Status of Protista Parazoa Onychophora and Hemichordata Symmetry bMore Details >>